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Dacoit [HOT]

The dacoity have had a large impact in the Bhind and Morena of Chambal regions in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh in north-central India.[2] The exact reasons for the emergence of dacoity in the Chambal valley have been disputed. Most explanations have simply suggested feudal exploitation as the cause that provoked many people of this region to take to arms. The area was also underdeveloped and poor, so that banditry posed great economic incentives.[2] However, the fact that many gangs operating in this valley were composed of higher castes and wealthy people appears to suggest that feudalism may only be a partial explanation of dacoity in Chambal valley (Bhaduri, 1972; Khan, 1981; Jatar, 1980; Katare, 1972). Furthermore, traditional honour codes and blood feuds would drive some into criminality.[2]


In Chambal, India, organized crime controlled much of the countryside from the time of the British Raj up to the early 2000s, with the police offering high rewards for the most notorious bandit chiefs. The criminals regularly targeted local businesses, though they preferred to kidnap wealthy people, and demand ransom from their relatives - cutting off fingers, noses, and ears to pressure them into paying high sums. Many dacoity also posed as social bandits toward the local poor, paying medical bills and funding weddings. One ex-dacoit described his own criminal past by claiming that "I was a rebel. I fought injustice."[2] Following intense anti-banditry campaigns by the Indian Police, highway robbery was almost completely eradicated in the early 2000s. Nevertheless, Chambal is still popularly believed to be unsafe and bandit-infested by many Indians. One police officer noted that the fading of the dacoity was also due to social changes, as few young people were any longer willing to endure the harsh life as a highway robber in the countryside. Instead, they prefer to join crime groups in the city, where life is easier.[2]

In Madhya Pradesh, women belonging to a village defence group have been issued firearm permits to fend off dacoity. The Chief minister of the state, Shivraj Singh Chouhan, recognised the role the women had played in defending their villages without guns. He stated that he wanted to enable these women to better defend both themselves and their villages, and issued the gun permits to advance this goal.[9]

Pakistani actor Akmal Khan had two dacoit films, Malangi (1965) and Imam Din Gohavia (1967). Other films in this genre included Khote Sikkay (1973), Mera Gaon Mera Desh (1971), and Kuchhe Dhaage (1973) both by Raj Khosla.

The Tamil movie starring Karthi, Theeran Adhigaaram Ondru (2017) deals elaborately with bandits. The film reveals the real dacoity incidents which held in Tamil Nadu between 1995 and 2005. Director Vinoth did a two-year research about bandits to develop the script.

Bhadoriya thinks the nature of crime has changed in the Chambal today because the people have changed. Few local youths can endure the rain, mud, scorpions, and walking of a rural outlaw life on the lam, he says. The new dacoits are urban. They have grown soft. They prey on women and espouse no Robin Hood principles. Unlike the old thugs, who had their codes. It is an old story.

The ornate doorway of an old mansion in Sirmathura, Madhya Pradesh, is a reminder of historic inequities. Discontent under India's feudal land system may have sparked dacoit crimes, but the violence soon became far more complicated.

A study of the dacoits of the Chambal River valley was undertaken to determine what special circumstances exist to make them to take to dacoity, or whether these outlaws had a psychopathic disposition. The study sample consisted of 50 dacoits, compared with 50 aggressive criminals and 50 normals (non-criminals) from the same region. Among the most important factors contributing to their choosing this particular criminal career were: insecure childhood, enemity, psychopathic or wayward tendencies, belonging to a family of outlaws, rejection by society, extremely discordant family conditions, and the influence of operating dacoits.

Ramesh Singh Sikarwar, a former dacoit who surrendered in 1984, has been roped in by the Madhya Pradesh forest department as a 'Cheetah Mitra' (friend of cheetah) to sensitize people on the spotted felines that are being brought to a national park in the state under the Centre's ambitious programme.

The ruins were once majestic temples built sometime between the 8th and the 10th centuries AD by the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty that ruled much of northern India during that period. The kings of the dynasty were known for patronising sculptors and numerous temples, including the ones at Khajuraho, were commissioned during their reign. Bateshwar temples, which predate Khajuraho, have remained largely off the tourist map mostly because dacoits such as Gujjar controlled the region.

A huge challenge that spiritual seekers must overcome are the five passions of lust, anger, greed, attachment, and pride. They are often referred to as the five deadly sins, the five thieves, or the five dacoits. They intoxicate the senses and lead the mind astray, driving the soul under the wheel of eighty-four, farther and farther away from our true home with the Lord. Of these, the fifth dacoit, pride, or ego, is the most difficult to conquer.

STF said it was tipped off on Friday that Yadav, along with his gang members, was on his way to the thickets of Madhav Bandh village in Chitrakoot. The informer told STF that the dacoit had planned a crime in the area.

A police team from Lucknow left for Chitrakoot. On reaching the spot, the team surrounded the area and lay in wait for the dacoits. A few hours later, the police team spotted 10-15 people near the thickets. The informer told them that one of them was Yadav.

As the sleuths asked the dacoits to surrender, they started firing and ran towards the thickets. The police team chased them and returned fire. Once the firing stopped, the sleuths found a body lying on the ground. The informer identified the person as Yadav. Other gang members managed to escape, police said.

A dacoit is a Thief who robs and plunders on horseback. Historically, these men were the direct descendants of bandits who operated during the Middle Ages. Most dacoits specialized in theft, but some went on to commit other crimes as well, such as murders and armed robbery.

With a striking black tilak marked on the forehead, bullet-loaded belt around the waist, a perennially furious gaze and a tone as threatening as that rifle in hand, the dacoits are, understandably, a dreaded community.

Thirty five-Year-old Urmila, the wife of Ghanshyam Kewat who was killed by the police after a 50-hour gunbattle at Jamauli village in Chitrakoot on Thursday, on Friday claimed the dacoit's body and cremated it.

"I don't want to say what he did as a dacoit. For me, he was my husband, and the government should hand over the body to me for cremation at his village," she said earlier in the day while sitting outside the mortuary of the district hospital.

Later, the two dacoits left their weapons near a paddy field and tried to escape the spot when they were nabbed by the locals and taken hostage. A mob of locals gathered and gave a sound thrashing to both the dacoits.

He had committed over 1,112 dacoities, 185 murders including 32 police officers, and had hundreds of cases of kidnappings and loots registered against him; but still, Daku Man Singh was worshipped as an idol by the people of his village. Such was his popularity among the masses that after he was killed in an encounter, people built a temple dedicated to him. Decades later, when India's heartland has moved past the days of frequent incidents of robbery and dacoity, Bollywood decided to string some incidents into a film, taking us to the bandit terrain of Chambal of the 1970s. Directed by Abhishek Chaubey, Sonchiriya has hit the cinemas and the film is getting mixed reviews from both the audiences and the critics.

In Sonchiriya, while all the other characters are fictional, Manoj Bajpayee plays the role of Daku Man Singh, which is based on the real-life dacoit Man Singh. In 1971 also, a movie titled Daku Man Singh was released which was directed by Babubhai Mistry with Dara Singh in the lead. Sonchiriya is Abhishek Chaubey's fresh attempt at a film based on the dacoits of Chambal.

Back then, most of the instances of people becoming baagis or dacoits happed as a result of oppression by the wealthy. Born to a Rajput family in a village called Khera Rathore in the Chambal region of India, Man Singh also rebelled after he failed to acquire his land from a wealthy moneylender who had captured it illegally. To fight for his rights and the rights of his community, Man Singh resorted to violent methods. Man Singh began the fight by forming a group of 17 people, most of whom were from his own family. It's said that Man Singh and his dacoits respected women and kids and never hurt people from weaker sections. In fact, he had earned a reputation as India's Robinhood as he used to help those in need. 350c69d7ab


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